Based on the computer analysis of millions of words from construction books and publications, here are the Top 20 noun-noun collocations that describe different steel materials.
Collocations help make your communication clear and simple.
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1. Metal channel
2. Metal decking
3. Metal framing
4. Steel framing
5. Metal panel
6. Metal rod
7. Steel rod
8. Metal roofing
9. Metal stud
10. Metal tubing
11. Metal grating
12. Steel angle
13. Steel beam
14. Steel column
15. Steel joist
16. Steel plate
17. Steel reinforcement
18. Steel reinforcing
19. Steel member
20. Steel sections
Native English speakers often use the words 'Metal' and 'Steel' to describe the same thing.
Just to be careful, here are some general rules to follow.
Is a general term. Depending on the context, it could be structural or non-structural.
Try to use the term 'Metal' when:
- you want to describe the general properties of something (a metal chair)
- you are referring to something that's NOT part of the PRIMARY STRUCTURE. (metal panel, metal roofing, metal framing, etc)
Is a specific term.
Try to use the term 'Steel' when:
- you want to describe the general properties of something (a steel fastener)
- you want to make sure it's understood that the material is STEEL.
- you are referring to something that IS part of the PRIMARY STRUCTURE. The primary structure consists of beams, columns, bracing, connections, and all other parts of the structure that support the design.
A CLOSER LOOK
Metal channels are light gauge and cold formed.
Light gauge means thin.
Cold formed means that they are made by bending thin steel without heating.
Steel channels are structural.
Steel channels are hot rolled (made by heating metal at a high temperature and rolling through a machine)
Metal decking (also steel decking)
Metal decking is structural. It is most often covered with concrete to form floor or roof slabs.
Sometimes it isn't covered with concrete and just spans between secondary roof framing members and supports the roof insulation and roofing materials.
Metal framing usually refers to cold-formed, light gauge studs, channels and other shapes.
Metal framing can be structural if it is engineered.
Steel framing is a general term. It could be structural or non-structural shapes.
Reinforcement is the general action or function of something.
Reinforcing describes the actual system or object.
Metal panel is a general term describing any flat, thin sheet of metal. It can be any type of metal (stainless steel, aluminum, titanium, etc)
Metal stud (also steel stud)
Studs are metal framing.
Metal tubing (also steel tubing)
Tubing is any shape that's hollow. (open in the middle)
Metal grating (also steel grating)
Grating can be structural or non-structural.
Steel angles are hot rolled, and are most often structural.
Steel beams are hot rolled, horizontal steel structural framing members.
Steel columns are hot rolled, vertical steel structural framing members.
Also called open web joists.
Steel plate is often structural.
Member is a general term. Steel members are any part of a primary structural system. Beams, columns, girts, joists, etc.
Steel section describes the profile or shape of a structural steel member. Engineers use the section properties for their calculations.